More than 30 million people in the United States have diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Without proper treatment, diabetes can lead to stroke, kidney damage, and more. That’s why board-certified internist Faye Vargas, MD, and the dedicated team at Mariposa Medical Associates offer a variety of services to diagnose and manage diabetes at their office in Smyrna, Georgia. To schedule an appointment with the team at Mariposa Medical Associates, call or book online today.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the glucose in your blood, or blood sugar, is too high. Your body uses glucose as its main source of energy, taking it from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps glucose get into your cells to make energy.
When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or misuses the insulin it does have, glucose stays in your blood and is unable to create the energy you need.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Although Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, it’s typically diagnosed in children and young adults. This serious disease occurs when your body doesn’t produce insulin because your immune system attacks the cells in your pancreas that make insulin.
The most common form of diabetes, Type 2 diabetes is often diagnosed during middle age and late adulthood, though it can develop at any age. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t use insulin effectively.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and typically disappears once the baby is born. However, it does put you at a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.
Your diabetes symptoms depend on the type you have, but some of the most common include:
Without the appropriate treatment, diabetes can cause complications, including stroke, eye problems, dental concerns, nerve damage, and more, so call your doctor right away if you experience any of the above diabetes symptoms.
Diabetes is a chronic condition with no cure, but there are many treatments to manage the disease, including:
Whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, it’s important to manage your blood sugar levels through dietary changes and regular exercise. The Mariposa Medical Associates team can help determine a healthy diet and exercise plan for you that includes fruits, vegetables, and lean protein. Exercise also helps lower your blood sugar levels, so you should aim for about 30 minutes of aerobic exercise a day.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, your diabetes symptoms must be managed with regular insulin injections. While those with Type 2 diabetes often don’t need to take insulin, your condition may be managed with non-insulin medications to reduce blood sugar levels.
Your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases significantly if you are overweight. You can help manage your diabetes symptoms and improve your overall health by maintaining a healthy weight.
You can still live a healthy, active life with diabetes. To schedule an appointment with the Mariposa Medical Associates team, call the office or book a visit online.